Muy vs Mucho

Spanish Grammar Rules


¿Pablo es muy rico? or ¿Pablo es mucho rico?

¿Él tiene muy dinero? or ¿Él tiene mucho dinero?

Knowing when to use muy or mucho in Spanish can be confusing for people learning the language. Below we will show you when to use Muy or Much according to certain grammar rules.

MUY

Muy means Very in English.

Muy is an adverb.

There is only one form of the word Muy. It has no masculine or feminine form and there is no singular or plural form either.

Muy + adjective

You normally use Muy before an adjective to increase the intensity of it.

Muy + Adverb

Sometimes we use Muy before an adverb

You never use the word Muy by itself. It always needs to be accompanied by an adjective or an adverb.

¿Estás cansado? - (Are you tired?)
– Sí, mucho (we cannot say: si, muy)
– Sí, muy cansado (you need to add an adjective though it may sound repetitive)

MUCHO

Mucho means a lot - a lot of - much - many in English

Mucho can be used as an adjective or as an adverb.

When Mucho is used as an adjective, it must agree both in gender (masc/fem) and number (singular/plural) with the noun.

There are 4 ways of writing Mucho:

Mucho + Noun

Mucho (or its variation) normally goes before a noun.

Examples of mucho, muchos, mucha, muchas:

Verbo + mucho

Sometimes mucho is used as an adverb and comes after the verb.

The form of Mucho is always the same and there is no change in gender or number.

¿Mucho Trabajo or trabajo mucho?

Both ways are correct though they have two different meanings.

Tengo mucho trabajo – Mucho (adjective) Trabajo (noun)
= I have a lot of work (to do at my job).

Trabajo mucho – Trabajo (verb) Mucho (adverb)
= I work a lot

Muchísimo

You can use muchísimo to emphasize that something is MORE THAN a lot.

It is like saying “very, very” OR “lots and lots of” OR “many, many”.

Again, the word needs to agree both in gender and number:

Muchísimo – Muchísimos – Muchísima – Muchísimas

In English you can say “Very much” however in Spanish you cannot join those two words together and say Muy Mucho. You either use Muchísimo or just Mucho.

Expressions with Mucho

Mucho is also used in these expressions:

The Opposite of Mucho

The opposite of Mucho is Poco. Just like with Mucho, the adjective Poco also needs to agree both in gender and number.

Summary Chart

Below we have a summery chart of Muy vs Mucho.

The difference between Muy and Mucho in Spanish

Next Activities

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